The Mexican Peninsular States
Campeche, Yucatán & Quintana Roo
In the state of Yucatán the "terno" is the name of the female's three-piece vestment. It consists of three embroidered satin pices: a tunic called "hipil" in Mayan; the embroidered collar called "jubçn"; and the skirt, called "fustán". The local mestiza women wear a rebozo, use a coral rosary as a necklace and a giant bow on their heads called "cinta colorada". The men wear the Caribbean guayabera, a name given to this shirt because of its four pockets big enough to fit several guava fruit in each.
The most popular festivity is the vaqueria, a celebration that landowners organize to thank their hired hands after the branding of the cattle. The dances that compose a vaqueria are a series of jaranas that have become standards. It opens with a procession in which the main dishes are carried to the landowner's home, where everyone is invited to dine, and then in late aftenoon, the dancing begins. Anaripola, Aires Yucatecos, the Maypole Dance (Tukunluchuu), Las mujeres que se pintan, El toro grande and El torito are all favorite jaranas. ◊ © José Luis Ovalle