State of Nayarit
The state capital is Tepic, but the town of Compostela, (Inspired in Santiago de Compostela, Spain), was the first capital of nueva Galicia (Spanish colony comprising the states of Jalisco, Nayarit and Sinaloa).
Sones y Jarabes NayaritasThere are several styles of sones Nayaritas, all are mestizo representations of very old music by Socorro Diaz. Many theatrical elements can be found in costuming and dancing. The exhausting skirt movement surely generates a powerful presence. The juggling of machetes, the balancing of bottles and water filled glasses during the dance have made Nayarit folklore everyone's favorite. Like many choreographies, part of the investigation includes traditions that were taken orally from the oldest members of communities who either witnessed the dance form or danced it themselves
Of course some elements are as real as the music. Such as the men's skill with machetes, comparable to the lasso becoming a masterful art in the hands of a cowboy with some spare time. The partner choreography in most sones and the competitive nature of the jarabes, are also as real as the ancient "mariachero" style ensemble that plays sones with names of local animals such as the ox, the squirrel, the armadillo, the rooster, etc.
CostumesThe men, as in most Mexican folklore, use bleached or unbleached muslin pants and shirt, tied at the waist with a red sash. A colorful satin, taffeta or silk unbuttoned shirt, and a red sash at the waist. They use a wide brim palm hat similar to Jalisco's for sones, but take it off to juggle machetes, replacing it with a folded bandanna on the brow. They wear huaraches or boots.
Women wear typical turn of the XX century "ranchera" fashions (High collars, puffy sleeves, ruffles and lace) except that the blouse is manufactured with satin or taffeta. Then there are the authentic Huichol masterpieces (above) embroidered in colorful cris-crossed yarn. ◊ © José Luis Ovalle